Babur was a Sunni Muslim (Manas: History and Politics, “Babar”), but he was very lax in Muslim religious observance and practice (Farooqui, 285) and practiced open-minded, tolerant Islam (BBC, “Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s)). Kabul and Qandhar were the twin gateways of India's trade with Central Asia. Many festivals were permitted to be celebrated in the Empire by Akbar, for example, Shivaratri, Dashara, Holi, Basant. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. The religious policy of the Mughal emperors by Sri Ram Sharma, 1940, H. Milford, Oxford university press edition, in English Namely-Khandesh, Berar, Golconda, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur, Bidar, and Vijaynagar. Moreover, they were treated as legal citizens as stated by Sajida S. Alvi in the journal ‘Studia Islamica’, “The Mughals named the department of law and justice Mahkamah-i ‘Addlat instead of Mahkamah-i Sharfah (ecclesiastical department). Impact of Religious Policy of Aurangzeb on Mughal Empire. 3. An environment of good will was developed. 4. With glorious ideals it inspired the Hindus and Muslim alike, and they forgot for a time the trivialities of their creed. We see this policy continuing owing to its success in Akbar’s reign. He adopted a policy of mutual understanding and reconciliation among followers of different faiths and equality of all religions. The Uzbegs were the natural enemy of the Mughals who caused Babur and other Timurid princes to leave Khurasan and Samarqand. Akbar followed the policy of religious toleration on account of the following major considerations: In the words of Dr. H.N. The following instances indicate that Babur was not liberal in his religious outlook: (1) He declared the battle against Rana Sanga of Mewar as Jihad’ and assumed the title of Ghazi after his victory at Khanwa in 1527. A major Indian influence on the life of Mughal rulers and the second could be the influence of the Persian rulers who practised the Mongolian principles of tolerance. Akbar appointed a separate officer called Mir Haj to look after the amenities of the Haj Pilgrims. Akbar's was a liberal and enlightened policy. Rajput Policy of Akbar The Mughal policy towards the Rajputs contributed to the expansion and consolidation of the Mughal Empire. L Like in the Mughal empire, there were religious tensions between people that … Welcome to! Various factions of Christianity were competing for survival and trying to annihilate the other. The zawabit (a prohibiting cow slaughter framed by Zainul Abidin of Kashmir during the 15th century and enforced all over the Mughal empire not only during the reign of Akbar but in those of Jahangir and Shah Jahan as well can be cited as an interesting example of this type of zawabit. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Answer: It was the policy of the Mughal rulers to campaign constantly against rulers who were not ready to accept their authority. Because of his harsh religious rules, most of the population revolted against him. Tags. We see Catholics persecuting Protestants, prosecution of minorities (like King Henry the fourth’s order of expelling the Jewish population) and a state focused on the idea that the religion of the Emperor must be the religion of the populous. However, when the Mughal became powerful, many other rulers joined them willingly. Before the coming of the Mughals, there were 6 Muslim states in the Deccan. Humayun wanted to crush the power of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat who had annexed Malwa also. Shortly after his death in October 1627, his son, Shah Jahan, succeeded to the throne. To the Muslim as to the Hindu, it heralded the dawn of a new era, to the Muslim with the birth of the promised Mahdi, to the Hindu with the realization of the all-absorbing love of God.” The Bhakti cult and the Sufis preached religious toleration. According to one group, Mughals’ religious policy was very intolerance towards non-Muslims and their holy places, while the opposite group does not agree with it, and say that Mughlas adopted a liberal religious policy which was in favour of non-Muslims and their deities. Out of the 7 states, 5 were offshoots of the Bamani Kingdom which came to an end in 1538 C.E. The matter has been made so complex, that it is not possible to sift facts. For the entire period specified, let’s examine the rights of the non-Muslim population in India and let’s access it on the bases of different factors. Aurangzeb completely reversed the religious policy of Akbar. For example, “Raja Kalyan, son of Todar Mal, was appointed governor of Orissa, Raja Vikramjit, governor of Gujarat; and Raja Man Singh continued to serve as governor of Bengal despite his support for Khusrau and his opposition to Jahingir’s accession.”. RELIGIOUS POLICY The religious policy of the Mughal emperors was, on the whole, a tolerant one. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, North-Western Policy of the Mughal Emperors, Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors | Indian History, The Religious Policy of Aurangzeb and its Effects, Akbar’s Religious Views and His Policy towards Hindus, Foreign Policy of the Mughals and their Relations with Central Asia, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. For the fault of a Brahman in Benares who used to attract both Hindu and Muslim students, Aurangzeb ordered the closing of all schools and stopped attendance of the Hindus and Muslims in the same school.”. (a) He discriminated against the Hindu traders when he abolished some duties for all Muslim traders. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! With absolute power in his hands, the Mughal ruler had to depend on the support of a linguistically, religiously, and ethnically diverse nobility for the success of their policies. The ideas of secularism, diversity, pluralism and tolerance, much preached by the West in our contemporary world, are the parameters they set for weighing different ages or rulers. Aurangzeb made many grants both cashes and lands to priests and scholars of Banaras. 5. The Hindus were not burdened with extra taxes but there are examples which point out that his treatment with the Hindus was not fair. 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